Is the use of cryotherapy and superficial heat.
- Cold reduces bleeding, inflammation, pain, and spasm
- Methods to apply cryotherapy include ice packs, cold packs, iced towels, or ice massage
- Heat improves healing through increased circulation (thereby improving nutrition, oxygenation, and waste removal for injured tissues), decreases muscular spasm, decreases joint stiffness, and increases range of motion
- Methods to apply superficial heat include hot packs, warm baths, and whirlpools